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Salir a caminar: el primer paso para combatir el sedentarismo - Comuna Mujer
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Salir a caminar: el primer paso para combatir el sedentarismo

Salir a caminar: el primer paso para combatir el sedentarismo

La caminata es natural, no cuesta nada y está al alcance de todas las edades.

Subir escaleras, trabajar en el jardín o en las tareas de las casa, bajarse antes del transporte público y caminar hasta el lugar de trabajo… sin realizar esfuerzos extenuantes, es posible combatir el sedentarismo, un problema de salud cada vez más preocupante en el mundo. Los expertos aseguran que cualquier persona puede alcanzar el objetivo marcado por las recomendaciones actuales: acumular un mínimo de treinta minutos diarios de actividad física de intensidad moderada, en cinco días de la semana.

Para lograr este objetivo, la caminata es una de las actividades recomendadas, porque es la más natural y menos costosa y, además, está al alcance de todas las edades: jóvenes, adultos y ancianos.

Según la Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), realizar una actividad física regular, reduce el riesgo de muerte prematura, el riesgo de muerte por enfermedad cardíaca o accidente cerebrovascular y hasta un 50 % las probabilidades de padecer enfermedades cardiovasculares, diabetes tipo II o cáncer de colon. Contribuye, además, a prevenir la hipertensión arterial, la osteoporosis y a disminuir el riesgo de sufrir dolores lumbares y de espalda. Como si todo esto fuera poco, también reduce el estrés, la ansiedad, la depresión y los sentimientos de soledad. Y hay más: ayuda a controlar el peso, disminuyendo el sobrepeso y la obesidad hasta en un 50 %.

Oscar Incarbone, presidente de la Asociación Latinoamericana de Salud y Actividad Física, aclara que la actividad física se puede ir acumulando a lo largo del día: por ejemplo, realizar diez minutos de caminata a paso rápido tres veces al día; o bien, veinte minutos por la mañana y otros diez, más tarde. Actividades que luego se incorporen a las rutinas laborales, escolares, domésticas o lúdicas.

Fernando Laiño es profesor de educación física y acaba de ganar el premio RAFA-PANA 2011 (Red de Actividad Física de las Américas), que otorga la American College of Sports Medicine de EE.UU, gracias a su estudio sobre cómo quienes viven en zonas suburbanas, son más propensos al sobrepeso. “La gente que vive en barrios más “caminables” y/o transitables mediante transporte no-motorizado y con sus hogares próximos a destinos no residenciales, tiene menor probabilidad de sobrepeso y obesidad, respecto a la gente que reside en barrios más suburbanos y que requieren de transporte motorizado”, señala Laiño. “Para que la gente se mueva, la ciudad tiene que ofrecer un ambiente amigable”, advierte. Y se remonta a los orígenes antropológicos de nuestra especie, para explicar por qué el hombre debe caminar o realizar otra actividad física con regularidad.

“Desde el punto de vista de nuestro diseño evolutivo (explica Laiño), estamos programados para gastar tres veces más energía por actividad física, de la que gastamos hoy. Sucede que la evolución social fue más rápida que la del genotipo. Y todo lleva a que la gente se quede quieta. Antes, para alimentarse el hombre tenía que cazar y para eso, debía perseguir a un animal; hoy el “delivery” funciona para todo, las compras en el supermercado se hacen por Internet y al perro lo pasea el paseador. En definitiva, el ambiente no favorece que la gente se mueva.”

Incarbone es contundente: “el sedentarismo está llegando a ser un problema de salud importante en el mundo. Para frenar este flagelo, es necesario el compromiso, la acción y la cooperación entre diferentes sectores: salud, transporte, educación, medio ambiente y urbanismo”.


Esperamos que con esta nota, te motives a caminar: tu mente y tu cuerpo, te lo agradecerán.


Nutrición y Salud Cuido tu Peso

Dirección: Av. La Dehesa 1201  Of. 510, Torre Norte
Lo Barnechea, Santiago, Chile
Teléfono: (2) 321 2001
Contacto: info@cuidotupeso.cl  
Web: http://www.cuidotupeso.cl

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